The Indian government is responsible for maintaining and updating records of drivers and vehicles of different states of India, which are plying on the road. The Regional Transport office or Regional Transport Authority (RTO/RTA) is the organization appointed by government of India to handle this database.
Some responsibilities of the RTO are:
- Issue Driving Licenses
- Vehicle Registration Certificate
- Organise collection of vehicle excise duty (Road Tax and road fund license)
- Sells personalized registrations
- Inspect vehicle’s insurance
- Clear the pollution test
Services provided in RTOs
The services that can be availed in RTOs are as follows:
- Learner’s licences are issued for a particular class of vehicle (light motor vehicle, passenger vehicle, motorcycles without gear, etc.) after conducting a learner’s licence test comprising a questionnaire of road rules and regulations.
- Permanent driving licences are issued after testing the applicant’s riding or driving skills with the help of a practical test.
- Expired licences are renewed.
- Duplicate licences are issued in case one’s licence is lost, stolen, or destroyed.
- Another class of vehicles is added to the existing licence, after undergoing the practical test for the new class of vehicles.
- International driving permits are issued on the submission of relevant documents.
- Temporary registration number is provided to new vehicles until permanent registration is done.
- Permanent registration of the new vehicle is done and the registration number is provided for the same.
- The registration certificate is renewed once it expires.
- A duplicate registration certificate is issued in case the owner misplaces it or if it is mutilated.
- A no objection certificate is issued in cases where the owner wishes to move or sell his/her vehicle to a place outside the jurisdiction of the RTO where it was originally registered.
- An address change can be made in the registration certificate if the person changes his/her address.
- HP endorsement or HP termination is done in the agreement for either endorsement or termination of hire-purchase, hypothecation or lease.
- Reassignment can be done in a different RTO in case a vehicle has been moved and is being used in a different jurisdiction for over twelve months.
- Special registration is done for vehicles owned by diplomatic officers.
- Transfer of ownership of vehicles is done in case of sale of the vehicle, purchase in a public auction, or death of the owner of the vehicle.
- Local and national permits are provided for goods and passenger vehicles.
- Temporary permits for limited periods are also issued.
RTO codes for RTOs in India
Each state is provided with an RTO code which is used to identify vehicles from the registration number. The RTO codes for each of the states and union territories in India are as shown in the table below:
|State/Union Territory||RTO code|
|Andhra Pradesh RTO Details||AP|
|Arunachal Pradesh RTO Details||AR|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands RTO Office||AN|
|Chhattisgarh RTO Details||CG|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||DN|
|Goa RTO Details||GA|
|Himachal Pradesh RTO Details||HP|
|Jammu and Kashmir||JK|
|Kerala RTO Details||KL|
|Madhya Pradesh RTO Details||MP|
|Tamil Nadu RTO Details||TN|
|Uttarkhand RTO Details||UK|
|West Bengal RTO Details||WB|
|Chandigarh RTO Office Details||CH|
|Gujarat RTO Office Details||GJ|
|Daman and Diu RTO Office Details||DD|
|Jharkhand RTO Office Details||JH|
|Karnataka RTO Office Details||KA|
|Maharashtra RTO Office Details||MH|
|National Capital Territory of Delhi RTO Office Details||DL|
|Uttar Pradesh RTO Details||UP|